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Managing Radiation in Radiology: How Safe Is it?

Managing Radiation in Radiology: How Safe Is it?
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In radiology, there are a variety of procedures which utilise ionising radiation technology to produce internal images. Scans such as computerised tomography (CT scan) and X-rays use this type of radiation, and therefore must be approached with a sense of prudence and care.

Although radiation does pose certain threats to those exposed, we can take steps to manage radiation exposure to patients. X-rays and CT scans are relatively safe procedures. Still, patients may be curious when faced with a radiological procedure: just how safe is it?

Managing Radiation Through Dose Control

While X-rays do contain potentially harmful radiation, physicians and technicians opt only to perform these procedures when the benefits far outweigh the risks. An x-ray will be performed only when necessary to aid in patient diagnosis or treatment. Undergoing an x-ray, you can also rest assured that the scan is performed by a highly trained and knowledgeable technician. Your technician will ensure that your x-ray utilises the lowest dose of radiation possible to achieve the desired result. An x-ray is a very quick instance of radiation exposure and generally involves very small amounts of radiation. An x-ray may expose you to tiny amounts of radiation, but should pose exceedingly little risk. According to the Environmental Health Directorate of the Department of Health, Western Australia, ‘the increased cancer risk from a single chest x-ray is about 1 in 400,000. In comparison, the lifetime incidence of cancer in the general population is about 1 in 4.’ Humans are constantly exposed to background radiation all around us, from natural radiation in the air, earth, and water. For many X-ray examinations, the radiation dose is no greater than the average dose a human would encounter from natural background radiation over a period of one year.

CT Scans – The Benefits Outweigh the Risks

A CT scan exposes a patient to a greater amount of radiation than does a traditional x-ray. However, it is important to reflect on the importance of the CT scan in treatment and diagnosis. As CT scans are not as common as an x-ray, they are only chosen when they are truly needed for a patient. A CT scan is a highly effective way to obtain a detailed image of the patient’s body. Utilising a CT scan may help determine the cause of a more serious illness, or catch a potential health concern for a patient. In a situation such as this, the CT scan provides more benefits than potential harm to the patient, and its use is recommended, if not absolutely necessary.

But let us still examine the risks.

Depending on the part of the body being examined, the CT scan can expose the patient to a large amount of radiation. A chest CT, for example, could be equivalent to undergoing approximately 100 chest X-rays. ‘While this sounds like a lot for one CT scan, it translates to a very small increased risk of developing cancer over your lifetime – about a 0.04 per cent increase in risk in fact, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists estimates.’ We also use low dose technology for our CT scans and this can reduce radiation exposure to about one fifth the usual radiation dose. At Vision XRAY Group, we are extremely knowledgeable about all elements of radiology, including the inherent risks. We take steps to make sure each patient is exposed to the minimum amount of radiation, as your health and safety is our number one priority. We do not suggest unnecessary x-rays or CT scans, and, alongside your physician, only elect to administer these procedures when we feel the benefits far outweigh the potential risks.

As part of the radiologists investigation tools we also use tests that produce no harmful radiation including MRI and Ultrasound. Managing radiation exposure is very important to us at Vision XRAY. If you have questions or concerns about radiation, please do not hesitate to contact us. We would be happy to discuss any and all procedures with you.